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Wonder what makes urination painful? Here are 4 reasons why it might be happening

Published on:2 September 2021, 14:00pm IST
Getting rid of any problem is possible, only if you know the root cause behind it. That’s exactly why you MUST know why painful urination happens, courtesy a top ob-gyn.
Aayushi Gupta
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dysuria
There are several women, who experience pain and a burning sensation during urination. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
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Do you avoid going to the bathroom due to the fear of experiencing pain, while urinating? Ladies, if that’s the case, you might be suffering from a condition known as dysuria. Dysuria refers to urination, which is characterised by intense pain, discomfort, or a burning sensation. The discomfort is generally felt when urine is passed. But is this a cause for worry? Well, yes! 

To understand what’s happening down there, we got in touch with Dr Swati Gaikwad, consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital, Pune. Here’s what she has to say:

Painful urination could be a sign of a serious health condition

According to Dr Gaikwad, dysuria could be a sign of infection, which needs immediate attention and proper treatment to cure. Many people experience this discomfort at least once in a lifetime. Thus, it is essential to detect the underlying problem and go for prompt treatment.

Apart from this, Dr Gaikwad pointed out four major reasons behind painful urination:
1. Urinary infection

Painful urination is a common sign of urinary tract infection (UTI). “This is common among women, so anyone can get UTI. When bacteria comes into contact with the urethra and enters the bladder, it leads to infection. You experience a burning sensation, when there is bacterial overgrowth that makes the urine acidic. Another reason for pain could be yeast infection, due to overgrowth of yeast in your vaginal area, which leads to thick and white discharge,” says Dr Gaikwad. 

dysuria causes
A quick diagnosis of this infection can help you treat it on time. Image courtesy: Shuttertock
2. Sexually transmitted infection (STI)

You may experience pain while urinating, especially if you have acquired a sexually transmitted infection (STI). According to Dr Gaikwad, “This could also be one of the reasons for infection, causing itchiness and vaginal discharge. Inflammation is also known as cystitis, and is caused due to a bacterial infection. The same could lead to bladder pain syndrome, called interstitial cystitis, leading to urinary frequency, urgency, chronic pelvic pain, and pain during intercourse.”

3. Yeast infection

Yes, that’s right! “If you notice a burning sensation while peeing, you can blame it on a yeast infection. This happens due to an overgrowth of yeast in the vaginal area, which is accompanied by a thick watery discharge. Once you discuss the symptoms with your doctor, he/she will determine a proper line of treatment for you. Remember not to self-medicate, as it can be risky,” she says. 

dysuria causes
Painful urination is a major sign of vaginal yeast infections. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
4. Cystitis

“It can be called inflammation of the bladder and occurs as a consequence of a bacterial infection. It is a no-brainer that many irritants upset the bladder causing inflammation and pain, while peeing. So, it is best to consult a doctor and get the problem sorted without any delay,” Dr Gaikwad explains. 

Pain or a burning sensation in your lower belly or genitals might improve after you pee, but get worse when you have to pee, during sex. 

So ladies, it is essential you pay attention to these symptoms and take them seriously and seek appropriate treatment, before the condition worsens. 

Aayushi Gupta Aayushi Gupta

Candid, outspoken, but prudent--Aayushi is exploring her place in media world.