Osteoporosis is a bone disease that silently weakens your bones, making you more prone to broken bones. Your bones are living tissues that replenish and break down when new bones do not grow to replace lost bone, this is when you are affected by osteoporosis. They make your bones weak and brittle, so much so that it only takes bending or coughing to break them.
As per a 2017 report by the European Journal of Rheumatology, more than 200 million people are suffering from osteoporosis. 1 in every 3 women and 1 in every 5 men over the age of 50 suffer from the condition, finds the study.
While the disease can affect you anywhere the most commonly affected areas include the hips, wrists, or spine. It can affect anybody, but it is more common in older men, and women going through menopause are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis. It is majorly influenced by hormonal changes, genetic factors, and lifestyle choices. Other factors like reduced estrogen levels in postmenopausal women can also contribute to bone loss. It is crucial to make early detection because osteoporosis is often asymptomatic until fractures occur.
Osteoporosis can be caused by a variety of factors, and it often results from a combination of genetic, hormonal, and lifestyle influences. Here are the causes of osteoporosis:
|Necessary Health Tests
Did you know osteoporosis is often referred to as a “silent disease?” This is because it doesn’t show noticeable symptoms until a fracture occurs. However, there are some symptoms of osteoporosis that you must not ignore:
The diagnosis of osteoporosis involves a combination of clinical assessments, medical history, and diagnostic tests to evaluate bone health and density.
If you lead a sedentary lifestyle, you must make some changes in your lifestyle necessary to keep your bones healthy. You must include all nutrients required for bone health, exercise regularly, quit smoking, and limit alcohol consumption.
Depending on the cause of the disease, your doctor will ask you to include medications like bisphosphonates, selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), teriparatide, denosumab, calcitonin, and more.
A lack of calcium and vitamin D in your diet can trigger bone loss, which can lead to osteoporosis. It is important to include these dietary supplements in your diet to keep your bones healthy.
It is crucial to do bone density testing regularly to assess the effectiveness of treatment.
In some cases, especially in postmenopausal women, hormone replacement therapy may be considered. However, the risks and benefits need to be carefully weighed, and it is not recommended for long-term use.
In general, life is normal with osteoporosis but you might have to be more careful about falls and fractures.
Osteoporosis cannot be cured but you can manage it with medicines and lifestyle changes. Your doctor will recommend the proper treatment depending on your age, gender, and medical history.
In addition to lowering the risk of fractures from osteoporosis, exercise can also delay the rate of bone loss. For those who wish to avoid or have osteoporosis, exercise also has additional advantages.
Running or jogging can be dangerous for those who have osteoporosis. Running is a high-impact, weight-bearing sport that strengthens the bones, but people with osteoporosis may break a bone if they aren't careful.