Periods are a monthly occurrence for women after they hit puberty and before they hit menopause, unless they are in a pregnant or postpartum phase. But not all have periods that are either too heavy, nor do they last too long. Some women have light periods. It turns out that light menstruation might have to do with what you eat and how well you sleep. There are more factors that can lead to light periods. Let’s find out what they are and explore ways to improve menstrual flow every month.
HealthShots connected with Dr Sangeeta Gomes, Consultant – Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, Sarjapur, Bengaluru, to find out why some women have light periods.
It is true that each woman’s menstrual flow varies from one another. Some may experience heavy periods (menorrhagia) or scanty ones known as hypomenorrhea. Here are some reasons why some women get light periods.
Mental or physical stress can alter the length of your period, hormone levels and menstrual flow, causing irregularity during the monthly cycle, says Dr Gomes.
A poor diet invites a lot of health problems. It is a significant contributor in affecting a woman’s menstruation as well. It can lead to menstrual irregularities.
Not getting sufficient sleep or having irregular sleep patterns can contribute to hormone fluctuations. That results in irregularities in the blood flow affecting the menstrual health.
In these cases, the expert notes that it is important to avoid bad fats. They form cholesterol deposits in the arteries where the blood flow gets obstructed, resulting in a scanty flow.
Reproductive conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may affect the menstrual flow due to changes in hormone levels.
To improve light periods, you can do the following
Beetroot is rich in iron, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, manganese, folic acid, and fibre. It increases haemoglobin levels which helps to improve blood circulation and blood flow during menstruation, making your periods heavier, says Dr Gomes.
Chocolates help to satisfy sweet tooth for sure. They also help to increase blood flow during periods, so eat dark chocolates that are rich in vitamins and minerals such as iron, copper, protein and calcium.
Sesame seeds are packed with iron, phosphorus, magnesium, copper and manganese, which help to regulate blood flow during periods.
You might not be up for it, but exercising during periods helps to maintain healthy body weight and boost menstrual flow. If you are not a fan of gymming, try yoga. It helps with the menstrual flow and also mood swings that fluctuate when you are down.
The expert says that a woman’s menstrual flow is not just about blood, but also other fluids where the liquid fraction is an estimated 90 percent water. Thicker blood is not easy to flow smoothly, so it is important to stay hydrated to increase bleeding during periods.
If young women or teenagers have light periods and mild cramps, that’s because the hormone system has not matured, says the expert. However, women in their late 30s or in their 40s also experience shorter and lighter periods. It is a natural transition as they near perimenopause, which is the transitional period before the actual menopause. So, you don’t have to worry much about light periods.
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