World Obesity Day: Gluten or anxiety, what type of obesity do you have?

Published on: 4 March 2022, 09:49 am IST

On World Obesity Day 2022, an expert tells you about the types of obesity and the impact they can have on your health.

types of obesity
Have you been stress eating or avoiding exercise? Image courtesy: Shutterstock
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Obesity is a condition in which a person has acquired so much body fat that it may be detrimental to their health. Obesity has more than doubled globally since 1980. Obesity or being overweight affects 30 percent of the world’s population and has become the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Overweight and obese people confront a slew of health difficulties, negative repercussions, and concerns. But did you know there are types of obesity!

In truth, being overweight or obese raises a person’s risk of a variety of diseases. These include type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and a variety of other disorders.

types of obesity
Excess weight can cause a host of health issues. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Adults between the ages of 40 and 59 are a major part of the obese population in India. In fact, almost 40 percent of adults between these ages are overweight. Even children who are overweight or obese are five times more likely to grow up to be obese or overweight than children of normal weight. This increases their risk of developing a number of chronic diseases and health issues.

Causes of obesity are multi-factorial. Individual-level contributors can arise from non-modifiable factors such as genetic and family history, modifiable behaviour such as dietary intake, physical inactivity, and socio-economic circumstance such as poverty.

If you’re not active enough, you do not use the energy provided by the food you eat, that extra energy that you consume is stored by your body as fat.

Simplifying the symptoms and providing proper information about various types of obesity can aid in obtaining the appropriate treatment and prevention measures.

What are the types of obesity

1. Inactivity obesity:

This type of obesity occurs due to immobility. Physical inactivity not only contributes to a positive energy balance and the development of obesity but it is also linked to an increase in markers of systematic inflammation. Physical inactivity occurs when you do not move your body for an extended period of time. This can include things like sitting or lying on the couch watching TV or sitting at a desk for long periods of time. The best strategy is to stay physically active.

2. Obesity caused by food:

This is the most common type of obesity. It is usually caused by overeating and underactivity. If you consume a lot of energy, especially fat and carbohydrates, but don’t burn it off through exercise and physical activity, your body will store a lot of it as fat. The most effective method is to adjust your diet and lower your daily food intake. Avoiding sugar in your diet and aiming to exercise for at least 30 minutes every day can help.

food obesity
You need to cut down on sugar! Image courtesy: Shutterstock

3. Anxiety obesity:

Stress, sadness, and other issues contribute to this form of obesity. This type of fat is mainly found in those who eat a lot of sweets. What are our options for dealing with this form of obesity? Controlling stress and worry is the most effective way to overcome this form of obesity. It is preferable that you engage in some form of physical activity to relieve your stress and anxiety. Using this strategy, you can achieve remarkable results in your physique.

Also Read: Stress eating every single day? Here are 6 tips to help you stop

4. Venous obesity:

This is one of the types of obesity which is genetically inherited and occurs more frequently during pregnancy and in those who have swollen legs. Exercising, such as walking, climbing stairs, and drinking plenty of water, is part of the treatment.

5. Atherogenic obesity:

This type of obesity refers to those who are gaining weight but only have a fat tummy. It’s a type of severe obesity that can harm other organs and cause breathing difficulties. It is also linked to an increased risk of coronary heart disease, in part because of its strong link with atherogenic dyslipidemia, which is characterized by high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol. For people with this kind of obesity, it is advised to avoid alcohol consumption.

Also Read: World Obesity Day: 4 exercises that can be done in 20-minutes for a full-blown cardio

weight training
Indulge in weight and healthy eating to manage obesity. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

6. Gluten obesity:

This type of obesity is more common in menopausal women and men with hormone abnormalities. The easiest way to overcome this type of obesity is to prevent immobility, long periods of sitting, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Weight training is the best solution.

Changes in your lifestyle, achieving and maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise can help manage or reverse some of the serious conditions associated with obesity, such as hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Some people may be able to lose enough weight simply by changing their lifestyle. In the case of others, doctors may advise complementing new habits with medicine or bariatric surgery to aid in weight loss.

 

Dr. Randeep Wadhawan Dr. Randeep Wadhawan

Dr Randeep Wadhawan Head of Department And Consultant Minimal Access, Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery HCMCT Manipal Hospital, Dwarka

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