Listen to this article
Every year, World Arthritis Day falls on October 12. This year’s theme is Don’t Delay, Connect Today. It is observed to raise awareness about this inflammatory condition that causes pain and stiffness in joints that can worsen with age. It can affect one joint or multiple joints.
Arthritis affects millions across the world. It is a debilitating condition that restricts your range of movement and affects your functional life. If left untreated, it may inhibit your movement altogether.
Regardless of the type of arthritis, one may experience fever, lymph nodes swelling, weight loss, tiredness, inability to use your hand, difficulty in walking, and poor sleep.
There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are:1. Osteoarthritis (OA): Osteoarthritis affects older people especially after the age of 50 years. It is a degenerative joint disease in which the pain or swelling occurs due to the progressive loss of cartilage in the joints. Osteoarthritis can affect almost any joint in the body, but commonly occurs in the weight-bearing joints such as knees and hips. It can also affect the fingers and any joint with previous injury from trauma, infection, or inflammation. The onset of osteoarthritis is gradual and has no serious debilitating effect in the beginning in many people, although it can change the shape and appearance of the joint.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): This can occur at any age, it can occur in younger people also as young as 30 years and mostly found in between 30-50 years of age. The prevalence is higher in women by two to three times more as compared to men. It tends to involve pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling in and around one or more joints. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly. Certain rheumatic conditions can also involve the immune system and various internal organs of the body. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is also one form of arthritis and it affects the young population usually between 12-18 years of age.
Arthritis may not be at the top of your mind now, but it’s important to pay attention to the little habits you do that can cause issues down the road. This year’s theme also suggests don’t delay and connect today, and so, as soon as you notice any of the above stated symptoms, immediately see an orthopedic doctor.
Arthritis can be treated through occupational or physical therapy, exercise, and over-the-counter pain relieving medication.Alternate medicine like Ayurveda, massages with medicinal oils and homeopathy also offer relief to some people in the early stages of arthritis.
Surgical options for the treatment of arthritis include arthroscopy, synovectomy, osteotomy, and total joint replacement. While the first three offer relief from pain, they cannot cure the condition. The only cure for arthritis is joint replacement surgery.
Eat sensibly, control your weight, and exercise regularly — these are all mantras for keeping knee problems at bay. Apart from it: