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Women’s health pre and post-menopause: All you need to know about the transition

Published on:9 September 2021, 09:00am IST
Menopause is one of the toughest phases of a woman’s life. It is the need of the hour to stay fit and fine, before, during, and after menopause.
Dr Surabhi Siddhartha
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menopause
You must pay attention to your lifestyle, both before and after menopause. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
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Menopause is a time period in a woman’s life wherein her periods’ stop and her ovaries lose their reproductive function.  This is when menstruation ends. A woman belonging to the age group of 45-55 may experience menopause.

What is perimenopause?

Perimenopause is the period when the ovaries begin to produce less estrogen (the main female hormone). Women may experience perimenopause when they are in their 40s or even their 30s. Furthermore, it tends to last until menopause, the time when the ovaries stop realizing the eggs. Did you know? Menstrual irregularities and hot flashes are some of the signs women may notice, as they hit menopause. Similarly, women also face many health issues during and after menopause. They tend to become cranky, get depressed, stressed, frustrated, nervous, or anxious.

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Make health your priority, pre and post menopause. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
Health problems after menopause

Before age 55, women have fewer chances of heart disease when compared to men. Are you aware? Estrogen helps keep blood vessels relaxed and open by helping the body maintain a healthy balance of good and bad cholesterol. Without estrogen, cholesterol may get deposited on the walls of the artery leading to heart problems. By age 70, women have the same percentage of the risk for heart disease as men of the same age. You will be shocked to know that having less estrogen after menopause reduces bone mineral density by raising the risk of osteoporosis. It is a condition that causes your bones to become brittle, weak, and break easily. Urinary incontinence can also be seen in these women Lower estrogen levels may weaken one’s urethra. Moreover, women may also encounter oral health problems. Dry mouth and an increased risk for cavities are more commonly seen in women after menopause.

Also Read: Is it possible to get pregnant post-menopause? Let’s find out

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Eating healthy is important. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
Thus, it is imperative to stay healthy after menopause
  • Opt for a diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in sugar, and quit smoking and alcohol on an immediate basis. Smoking can invite heart disease and alcohol takes a toll on your liver. Basically, eat a healthy diet, low in fat, and high in fibre. Say NO to junk, oily, processed, and canned foods. 
  • Monitor blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels, as suggested by the doctor. 
  • Make sure you get enough calcium and vitamin D. To get the daily dose of vitamin D, just expose yourself to the sun for at least 30 minutes in the morning. 
  • Try to maintain an optimum weight by exercising daily. Try to climb stairs, dance, do strength training, cardio, and pilates.
  • Stay stress-free by doing yoga or meditation

Dr Surabhi Siddhartha Dr Surabhi Siddhartha

Dr Surabhi Siddhartha is a consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai