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Amid the growing threat of the third wave of covid-19, Maharashtra discovered its first Zika virus case, raising a caution on the kind of precaution needed to be taken in the coming days. Although the state health department has decided to conduct a door-to-door survey in the district in which the case was found, it seeks help from the community, in order to be vigilant and contain the spread of the Zika virus. The state health department also reports that cases of chikungunya and dengue are also on the rise.
The vector through which Zika gets transmitted is like that of dengue and chikungunya. Its symptoms are also similar to them. In the majority of cases, the disease is self-limiting. Therefore, the only treatment required is symptomatic. Zika can cause complications in pregnant women. The infection can cause microcephaly (a brain disability) or other conditions called congenital zika syndrome.
The virus easily transmits from a pregnant woman to her fetus. It can also spread through sexual contact, transfusion of blood and blood products, and organ transplantation. Now, it is important that people identify Zika symptoms from other vector-borne diseases and covid-19.
It is important to note that there is no cause for worry, if you take the necessary precautions. However, if you observe any changes in your body, especially the symptoms mentioned above, immediately consult your doctor. Don’t forget that any delay can cause undesired complications. Also, do not indulge in self-medication. Take these precautionary measures to stay protected and safe.
People detected with the virus are requested to stay indoors, take as much rest as possible and drink plenty of fluids. Pregnant women should refrain from traveling, mainly to infected areas. No specific treatment is required, normally it is a self-limiting condition.
Since there is no treatment or vaccine available, reducing the risk of being bitten by a mosquito is the only option. Since the mosquito bites mostly during the daytime, making sure living areas are clean and no stagnant water is seen, emptying pots and buckets is important, as mosquitoes lay their eggs in such water.