As dengue cases are showing an upward trend and India continues to struggle with Covid-19 pandemic, experts are saying there are possible chances of a double infection in people. Many people are getting admitted to the hospital with symptoms of both Covid-19 and dengue, which can be life threatening, says Dr Kirti Sabnis, Infectious Disease Specialist, Fortis Hospitals, Kalyan.
Considering the symptoms of the two diseases may overlap, it is important for the people to know how to differentiate between the two diseases.
“With Covid-19 in our reality nowadays, one might mistake the Covid-19 infection for dengue and vice versa. However, there are some symptoms solely for each of the two illnesses,” says Dr Sabnis.
“For mild dengue fever, the symptoms can range from joint and muscle aches, high fever, body rash, frequent vomiting, and intense headache. These symptoms generally disappear with treatment in a week and are rarely fatal,” sayd Dr Sabnis.
“In dengue haemorrhagic fever, there is bleeding in the gums, nose, mouth, low blood platelets count, internal bleeding, diarrhoea, convulsions, blood spots on the skin, intense fever, clammy skin and abdominal pain. Without proper medical care, the situation can escalate to being fatal,” says the doctor.
“Lastly, dengue shock syndrome is the most severe and is often lethal. The signs include low blood pressure, weak and rapid pulse beat, brain oedema leading to visual/ auditory hallucinations, cerebral anoxia (no oxygen reaching the brain), heavy bleeding, high fever, vomiting, acute abdominal pain, etc,” he adds.
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It is advised for a dengue patient to stay hydrated and seek consultation from a doctor. If the situation is serious, hospitalisation may be necessary. For Covid-19, one must continue to follow proper social distancing measures and wearing masks.