Oral health: Know what the colour of your gums reveals

Did you know your gums can tell a great deal about your health? From pink gums to dark spots on your gums, here's what you need to know.
colour of your gums
Know what the colour of your gums tell about your health. Image courtesy: Adobe stock
Team Health Shots Published: 23 Jul 2023, 15:00 pm IST
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Let’s talk about gum health – the one part of your body that we hardly hear about but should hear more pf. Your gums hold the secrets to a smile that goes beyond just looking pretty. These soft, delicate tissues not only protect your teeth from damage but also give you subtle clues about what’s going on inside. That’s right! Your gums can reveal a lot about your overall health. So, what does the colour of your gum reveal?

Surprisingly, the colour of your gums can reveal valuable insights about your oral health and overall well-being. From healthy pink to alarming red or even subtle blue, the shades of your gums hold essential clues that should never be overlooked, says Dr Brahmaji Rao, Maxillofacial and Dental Surgeon, Kamineni Hospitals, Hyderabad.

What does the colour of your gum reveal about your teeth?

1. Pink gums

Healthy gums have a distinctive pinkish hue, which signifies good oral health. Pink gums indicate an adequate blood supply, proper oxygenation, and a lack of inflammation. Additionally, firm and pink gums should not bleed during brushing or flossing. If your gums boast this healthy shade, consider yourself fortunate, but remember that regular dental check-ups are essential to maintain this state.

pink gums
Pink gums can mean that there’s a lack of inflammation. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

2. Pale or white gums

Pale or white gums could be an indication of anaemia or other underlying health issues. Anaemia is a condition where the body lacks sufficient red blood cells, leading to reduced oxygen levels. If you notice persistent paleness in your gums, it is vital to consult a dentist and a healthcare professional to diagnose the root cause and initiate appropriate treatment.

3. Red or inflamed gums

Red, swollen, or inflamed gums are often associated with gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease. Poor oral hygiene is the primary culprit behind this condition, allowing bacteria to accumulate and form plaque, eventually leading to inflammation. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to more severe periodontal disease, which may result in tooth loss. Maintaining a diligent oral hygiene routine and regular dental visits can prevent and treat gingivitis.

4. Dark red or bluish gums

Gums that appear dark red or even bluish in colour can indicate inadequate oxygenation or circulation issues. This discoloration may be linked to cardiovascular problems, respiratory diseases, or other medical conditions. If you observe such a shade in your gums, it is imperative to seek immediate medical attention to identify and address any potential health concerns.

dark gums
Know what does it mean to have dark gums. Image courtesy: Adobe stock

5. Brown or black spots on gums

The presence of dark spots on the gums could be attributed to melanin, which is a pigment responsible for the coloration of our skin. This condition is usually harmless and common among individuals with darker skin tones. However, if you notice any irregularities or changes in the appearance of these spots, it is advisable to have them examined by a dental professional.

Paying attention to the colour of your gums is a simple yet effective way to gauge your oral health and potentially identify underlying medical conditions. If you notice any unusual gum discoloration or experience persistent symptoms such as bleeding, swelling, or pain, do not hesitate to schedule an appointment with your dentist. Remember, prevention is always better than cure, and maintaining good oral hygiene habits is the key to a healthy smile and overall well-being.

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