Organ transplantation risks: Be aware of the possibilities

Organ transplantation has witnessed immense progress over the years. But it may come with set of risks you should be aware of.
Know the risks of organ transplantation for your health’s sake. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
Team Health Shots Published on: 7 December 2022, 16:42 pm IST
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Organ transplantation has become rampant globally. The decision to have an organ transplant is a personal one and should be based on individual circumstances and medical needs. In general, a person may be a candidate for organ transplantation if they have a medical condition that affects the function of a vital organ, such as the heart, liver, or kidneys, and if the condition cannot be treated with other medical interventions. A person may also be a candidate for transplantation if they are on a waiting list for an organ and a suitable organ becomes available. Whatever the case may be, you must be aware of likely organ transplantation risks before going in for it.

There are several organs that can be transplanted in the human body, including:

* Heart
* Liver
* Kidneys
* Pancreas
* Lungs
* Intestines

Kidney transplant is most commonly conducted. According to a study cited on PubMed, kidney transplantation is more effective and less costly than dialysis.

What are the risks of risks involved?

Organ transplantation is a complex and risky procedure. Some of the risks associated with transplantation include:

Infection:

Organ transplant recipients are at an increased risk of infection due to the use of immunosuppressant medications, which can weaken the immune system.

Read more: Study reveals that transplant recipients face an elevated risk of developing cancer

Awareness around organ donation has gained prominence. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Rejection:

The body’s immune system may recognize the transplanted organ as a foreign object and attack it, leading to organ rejection.

Complications from surgery:

As with any surgical procedure, organ transplantation carries a risk of complications such as bleeding, blood clots, or damage to surrounding tissues.

Long-term side effects:

Transplant recipients may experience long-term side effects such as an increased risk of certain cancers or an increased risk of infection.

What are the precautions to take after organ transplantation?

After an organ transplant, it is important to take certain precautions to reduce the risk of complications and to ensure the success of the transplant. Elders may need special care after organ transplant. These precautions may include:

Taking immunosuppressant medications as prescribed

These medications help to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted organ. It is important to take these medications exactly as prescribed and to notify your doctor if you experience any side effects.

Take your medicines on time. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Monitoring for signs of organ rejection

It is important to be aware of the signs of organ rejection, such as fever, pain, or changes in urine or stool output. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to contact your doctor immediately.

Managing chronic health conditions

Transplant recipients may be at an increased risk of certain chronic health conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. It is important to manage these conditions and to follow your doctor’s recommendations for treatment.

Avoiding exposure to infection

Transplant recipients are at an increased risk of infection due to the use of immunosuppressant medications. It is important to avoid exposure to infection by washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with sick people, and avoiding activities that may expose you to infection.

It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions and to attend all follow-up appointments to ensure the success of your organ transplantation.

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