World Heart Day: 8 tips to reduce the risk of heart disease post menopause

On World Heart Day, learn how you can reduce the risk of several heart diseases after menopause in women over 45 years.
magnesium and menopause
Menopause may increase heart disease risk. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock
Dr DK Jhamb Updated: 17 Oct 2023, 17:16 pm IST
  • 182

Menopause is a significant phase in a woman’s life, marking the end of her reproductive years. While this natural transition brings various changes, especially in your hormones, one aspect that deserves heightened attention is cardiovascular health. Postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of heart disease due to hormonal changes and other factors.

What is menopause?

Menopause typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. It marks the cessation of menstruation and a decline in estrogen production. Estrogen, a hormone produced by the ovaries, has protective effects on the cardiovascular system. It helps maintain healthy blood vessels, regulates cholesterol levels, and has anti-inflammatory properties. However, as estrogen levels decrease in menopause and postmenopausal stages, various heart health complications can arise.

Heart health complications post menopause

Before menopause, women often enjoy some level of protection against heart disease due to the presence of estrogen. However, after menopause, this protective shield diminishes. The decline in estrogen levels can lead to several cardiovascular changes, including:

1. Increased incidence of heart disease: Postmenopausal women experience a rebound increase in the incidence of heart disease such as hypertension. The risk becomes similar to that of men, highlighting the importance of vigilance in this phase of life.

Heart health
Pay attention to your heart! Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

2. Weight Gain: Many postmenopausal women notice weight gain, especially around the abdomen. This can contribute to an increased risk of heart disease, as excess abdominal fat is associated with cardiovascular problems.

3. Mood and behavioral changes: Hormonal fluctuations during menopause can lead to mood swings, irritability, and even depression. These emotional changes can indirectly affect cardiovascular health through lifestyle choices.

4. Diabetes risk: Increased diabetes risk after menopause significantly increases the risk factors for heart diseases.

5. Postmenopausal symptoms: Hot flashes, night sweats, and sleep disturbances are common postmenopausal symptoms. These can impact sleep quality, leading to fatigue and stress, which are detrimental to heart health.

How can I prevent heart disease after menopause?

Given the heightened risk of heart disease during and after menopause, it is crucial for women over 50 to take proactive steps to protect their cardiovascular health. Here are 5 tips to reduce the risk of heart disease after menopause:

1. Regular exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity is essential. Exercise helps maintain a healthy weight, strengthens the heart and blood vessels, and improves overall well-being. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week.

Select Topics of your interest and let us customize your feed.

Exercise regularly to keep your heart healthy. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

2. Weight management: Be mindful of your weight. Weight gain is common after menopause, but maintaining a healthy weight can significantly reduce heart disease risk. A balanced diet and exercise play vital roles in weight management.

3. Healthy diet: Embrace a heart-healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products. Limit saturated and trans fats, sodium, and added sugars. Prioritize foods that support heart health, such as fatty fish, nuts, and olive oil.

4. Blood pressure control: Regularly monitor your blood pressure. Keeping it below 140/90 mm Hg is essential for heart health. If your blood pressure is elevated, consult a healthcare professional for guidance on lifestyle changes or medications.

5. Blood sugar management: Check your blood sugar regularly, especially if you have risk factors for diabetes. Fasting blood sugar levels should be below 100 mg/dL, and postprandial (after eating) levels should be below 140 mg/dL.

6. Cholesterol profile: Keep an eye on your cholesterol levels. Aim for a high HDL (good cholesterol) level, well above 40 mg/dL. Conversely, strive for low levels of triglycerides and LDL (bad cholesterol).

A heart healthy diet can manage cholesterol levels. Image: Shutterstock

7. Stress management: Practice stress-reduction techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or yoga. Managing stress can positively impact your heart health.

8. Limit alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to high blood pressure and other heart-related issues. Moderation is key if you choose to consume alcohol.

Postmenopausal women face a unique set of challenges when it comes to cardiovascular health. However, with these lifestyle changes, you can lead a healthy and fulfilling life while reducing the risk of heart disease.

  • 182
About the Author

Dr D.K. Jhamb is the Director and Head of Department, Interventional Cardiology at Sanar International Hospitals. ...Read More

Next Story