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The recent death of Mirzapur actor Brahma Mishra has sent the country into a tizzy. After all, he was only 36 years old. This isn’t the first time when a young life has been lost to a heart attack. Earlier this year, Big Boss 13 winner and actor Sidharth Shukla succumbed to a heart attack.
In the past, heart attacks were commonly heard in the elderly population. But why is it that such cardiac-related complications are becoming common among the youth?
For the uninitiated, it happens when the blood flow that supplies oxygen to the heart muscle is severely or completely cut off.
Dr. G Ramesh, Senior Consultant Interventional Cardiologist, Proctor for Complex Coronary Interventions, Yashoda Hospitals, Hyderabad, tells HealthShots all about it.
In general, men aged 45 or older and women aged 55 or older are at an increased risk of getting a heart attack. However, young victims are more likely to be smokers, obese, and have chronic conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes. So all in all, it’s quite evident that an unhealthy lifestyle may be putting a lot of stress on the heart, predisposing young adults to a heart attack.
Make sure to take extra care of your health and get health tests done from time to time.
Many times, the condition can sneak up on you without any warning signs. The process of blockage of heart vessels has no symptoms. What happens is that when blood vessels supplying the heart muscle narrow, other nearby blood vessels that serve the heart, called collateral circulation, sometimes enlarge to compensate for the reduced blood supply. Hence, you may not experience any early signs of a heart attack.
As with men, the most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. However, women are more likely than men to have some of the other symptoms, including difficulty breathing, nausea/vomiting, and pain in the back or jaw.
You can have a heart attack and not even know it. It is called a silent heart attack and shows no to mild symptoms that go unrecognized by the sufferer.
Excess cholesterol and fat can build up in the coronary arteries and vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood flow. This can cause them to become narrow. This process is known as atherosclerosis and the build-up is called plaque. When the plaque within a coronary artery breaks, a blood clot can be formed around it.
This blood clot can cause blockage in the blood flow through the blood vessel to the heart muscle, leading to oxygen and nutrient scarcity. As a result, a part of the heart muscle can get damaged, causing a heart attack.
A heart attack can be diagnosed through certain health tests which include:
Having a heart attack is a scary experience. But not everyone who gets it succumbs. Many people survive them and enjoy their lives. For this, it is important you know about the risk factors and keep them under check.
Factors that put a youngster at high risk include:
Usually, a heart attack results from a combination of factors and not just a single factor.
This is a medical emergency that you cannot treat at home. However, you should know things that you can do if someone experiences a heart attack
How to react when a person shows signs:
Studies have suggested that Covid-19 can cause damage to the heart muscle and affect heart function. Several reasons have been proposed for this, including the high levels of inflammation circulating in the body. The effect on the heart can be more severe in people having pre-existing heart disease. Ensure taking a doctor’s help if you feel any warning signs, even after recovering from Covid-19.
A healthy lifestyle is a key to the prevention!
As we know, heart attack is life-threatening. It needs emergency medical attention. However, many people have survived them due to effective and timely treatment.
All you need is to start incorporating those small changes one step at a time.