According to Dr Rahul Bahot, Consultant, Department of Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Center, the causes of pneumonia can be broadly classified into infectious and non-infectious categories.The most common cause of infectious pneumonia is bacterial infection. The risk of pneumonia is higher in people with compromised immunity, which includes those dealing with diabetes, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, malnutrition, congenital immune defects, heart failure and smoking addiction.
The symptoms include the following:
How can pneumonia be treated?
The treatment for pneumonia consists of use of appropriate antibiotics for appropriate duration, says Dr Bahot.Along with antibiotics, supportive care may be required in the form of:
1. Antipyretics to bring down fever
2. Anti-tussive to control irritating dry cough
3. Expectorants, Mucolytics, Nebulisations, acapella to aid bringing out of sputum
4. Oxygen supplementations with different types of non-invasive/invasive techniques to support breathing
5. Other organ support, if needed
Also, read: An expert explains why covid-19 pneumonia can be deadly in many ways
Eat the following if you have pneumonia:
Eat a healthy diet. This includes plenty of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and lean protein.General instructions to treat pneumonia:
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