How diabetes can impact ovulation in women? Dial down the risk with these tips

Did you know diabetes can impact ovulation in women? Here's how it increases your chance of infertility and how you can fix it.
diabetes impact on ovulation
How diabetes can impact ovulation in women? Image Courtesy: Shutterstock
Dr Asha Hiremath Updated: 23 Oct 2023, 11:36 am IST
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Diabetes is a condition in which the body becomes unable to control blood sugar levels because of low or ineffective insulin. Over 180 million people across the world are suffering from type 1 diabetes, affecting young people. As per reports, diabetes increases the risk of infertility among women. Women with Type 1 diabetes have considerably reduced rates of fertility. When it comes to male fertility and its association with diabetes, no direct correlation has been found. However, it could lead to the onset of several other diseases, which can affect one’s fertility and ability to conceive. In a way, diabetes is leading to reduced reproductive rates among couples, which is a cause of concern.

How can diabetes affect ovulation in women?

Diabetes can affect one’s ability to conceive directly or indirectly. It can lead to health complications that make it harder for the couple to conceive. At the same time, certain complications can affect the reproductive system and interrupt the process of ovulation. Some of the conditions that you should look out for, include:

diabetes effects on fertility
How does diabetes affect ovulation in women? Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a common condition in which cysts are formed in the ovaries, causing a hormonal imbalance. Although this characteristic by itself does not present a health risk, it can lower fertility. Women with PCOS tend to have higher levels of testosterone, a condition known as hyperandrogenism. PCOS can also affect the menstrual cycle and one’s fertility. Making lifestyle changes can help address the illness.

2. Amenorrhea and Oligomenorrhea

Oligomenorrhea refers to irregular periods that occur at intervals of 35 days or longer. If you’ve had a regular menstrual cycle in the past but haven’t had a period in at least six months, it can be a symptom of secondary amenorrhea. Having late or no periods is linked to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Being underweight and having PCOS can both contribute to these diseases.

3. Early menopause

Early menopause, or the decline in reproductive organs, happen before 40, a condition, referred to as premature ovarian failure. It happens when a woman’s natural supply of estrogen runs out at an early stage in diabetes. This condition can impair health and life expectancy. Type 1 diabetes increases the chance of monthly irregularities in the menstrual cycle and can also cause early menopause.

4. Birth flaws

Women with diabetes have higher glucose levels, which harm the embryonic cells and raise the chance of birth abnormalities.

diabetes effects on infertility
How does diabetes affect ovulation in women? Image courtesy: Shutterstock

5. Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is more likely to develop in women with diabetes, which could have negative health effects on both the mother and the unborn child.

6. Endometrial cancer

One type of cancer that occurs in the uterus is endometrial cancer. Women with diabetes are relatively more likely to get it. Endometrial cancer is frequently diagnosed in women who have never given birth and is sometimes linked to ovarian cancer.

How can you prevent diabetes?

Here are a few lifestyle changes by which you can manage or prevent diabetes.

  • Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and keeping a record of it.
  • Have a healthy diet plan
  • Engage in regular physical activities
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Manage stress or anxiety
  • Quit smoking and limiting alcohol consumption
smoking triggers diabetes
Quit smoking to avoid the risk of infertility among women. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock


These conditions can affect ovulation. While these symptoms may feel overwhelming and terrifying, they can be managed by changing your lifestyle. Having a healthy lifestyle and diet is the best way to prevent or manage it. In cases, of extreme confusion or doubt, reach out to your doctor for consultation.

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About the Author

Dr Asha Hiremath, Consultant Obstetrician, Gynaecologist and Laparoscopic Surgeon, Motherhood Hospitals, Indiranagar, Bengaluru. ...Read More

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