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Endometriosis is a medical disorder in which endometrial tissue or lining of the uterus, which is normally present inside the uterus grows outside. It can commonly affect the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. This tissue acts like the endometrial tissue as it thickens, breaks down, and bleeds with each menstrual cycle, and gets trapped inside the body causing scarring.
This condition causes extreme pain and discomfort during periods, and long-term effects may include fertility problems.
Some common symptoms of endometriosis include pelvic pain, pain during bowel movements and urinating, excessive bleeding, and pain during periods. The long-term complications may result in infertility and, in rare cases, cancer. Though there isn’t a certain cause as to why endometriosis happens, some factors increase a woman’s susceptibility to the disorder.
Retrograde menstruation, surgical scar implantation, embryonic cell transformation, and immune system disorder may explain why a patient develops endometriosis. Since the symptoms are easily mistaken as an effect of menstruation or general tiredness, it is crucial to watch risk factors closely.
Endometriosis usually develops years after the onset of menstruation cycles and may go away after menopause; it might even get better during pregnancy.
Chronic fatigue is also considered a common symptom of the disorder. However, it is now being treated as an acute symptom after a study in 2018 found out that the chances of women to suffer from fatigue doubles if they have endometriosis. Medical practitioners believe the human body gets fatigued due to the presence of inflammation, caused by the endometrial-like tissue that sets off a variety of immune responses.
There is a lot of research currently being done to find the correlation between fatigue and endometriosis. Still, these observations have given us reason to be aware and vigilant about when to see a doctor, in case you suffer from both the conditions.