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When a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, it is called an ectopic pregnancy. A fertilized egg implants and matures in the uterus during a normal pregnancy. The fertilized egg, on the other hand, does not make it to the uterus in this complicated pregnancy. It implants in a different location, most commonly in the fallopian tube and such pregnancy is known as a ‘tubal pregnancy’. The ectopic pregnancy can even occur in the ovary, cervix, or abdomen.
One of the key reasons that a fertilized egg does not move down the fallopian tube quickly is due to blocked tubes. Infection or inflammations are the most prevalent causes of clogged tubes. The tube can also be potentially blocked by scar tissue from earlier abdominal surgery or fallopian tube surgery.
For a woman bearing the child, an ectopic pregnancy might be risky. As the pregnancy progresses, the organ in which it is implanted may rupture. This can result in significant internal bleeding. That is why it is critical to detect an ectopic pregnancy early on.
Although an ectopic pregnancy cannot be prevented, women can lower some of the risk factors. Women who are attempting to conceive should abstain from smoking. Those who smoke should plan to quit smoking before becoming pregnant. After conception, a woman should get in touch with her doctor on a regular basis so that this complicated pregnancy can be detected early on.
If an ectopic pregnancy is discovered, it must be terminated. This can be accomplished by either medicine or surgery. The medication prevents the growth of cells and puts an end to the pregnancy. The ectopic tissue is then absorbed by the body. Some ectopic pregnancies necessitate surgical intervention. These include those that aren’t detected early enough or result in the rupture of a pelvic organ. Laparoscopy is the most common method of surgery for such pregnancies. Sometimes, a doctor may also have to remove the fallopian tube or another organ if it has burst.