Pollen allergies in kids on the rise: Here’s what you can do avoid complications

Pollen allergies in kids are increasing at a rapid rate in the country. From the symptoms to treatment to prevention, here's everything you need to know about pollen allergies in kids.
how to control indoor allergies
Know the symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention of pollen allergies in kids. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock
Dr Ravi Kyadiggeri Published: 12 Apr 2023, 13:30 pm IST
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Trees, flowers, grass and weeds generate pollen, a very fine powder that is used to fertilise other plants of the same type. Inhaling pollen can cause a negative immunological response in many people, which could result in an allergic reaction. In recent years, there has been a sharp rise in pollen allergies among children, leading to a large number of health problems.

The best way to prevent these allergies is to identify the underlying reasons behind the sudden surge so that we know how to combat the problem. From the role of climate change and air pollution to the effects of lifestyle
choices, key factors contributing to the increase of pollen allergies in children have been brought to light. Let’s take a look at the causes and effects of pollen allergies.

Causes of increasing pollen allergies in kids

Factors that are major contributors to the rise of pollen allergies in children are as follows:

1. Role of climate change

Climate change is playing a major role in the increase of pollen allergies in kids. Due to the rising temperatures, there is an increase in the production of pollen from plants. The higher concentration of pollen in the air leads to an increase in the likelihood of kids being exposed to it. With the increase in CO2 levels in the atmosphere, plants are growing at a faster rate, leading to a higher rate of pollen production.

Also Read: Say goodbye to seasonal allergies with these tips

Causes of pollen allergies in kids
Climate change could also be the reason of increasing pollen allergies. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

2. Effects of air pollution

Air pollution is another major factor contributing to the increase in pollen allergies in kids. Pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and ozone can cause the pollen grains to become larger, thus making them more likely to be inhaled by kids. These pollutants can also cause an alteration in the proteins present in pollen grains, leading to an increase in their allergenic potential.

3. Lifestyle choices

Lifestyle choices of kids can also contribute to the increase in pollen allergies. For example, kids who have a diet high in processed foods are more likely to suffer from allergies compared to those who eat a balanced diet. This is because processed foods contain a lot of additives and preservatives, which can trigger allergic reactions.

Moreover, kids who are not getting enough physical exercise can be more prone to pollen allergies due to the fact that physical activity helps strengthen the immune system.

Symptoms of pollen allergies in kids

The symptoms of pollen allergies in kids can vary from one to another, but some of the most common signs include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, coughing and wheezing. Some children may also experience skin rashes and hives, as well as shortness of breath. If these symptoms persist for more than a few days, it is important to consult a doctor in order to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Treatment of pollen allergies in kids

When it comes to treatment, the most effective way to deal with pollen allergies in kids is to use medications such as antihistamines and corticosteroids. These medications can help to reduce the symptoms of pollen allergies. In some cases, allergy shots may also be recommended to desensitise the body to pollen.

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Pollen allergies in kids
Know the treatment of pollen allergies in kids. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

How to prevent pollen allergies in kids?

To prevent pollen allergies in kids, it is recommended that parents take a few measures. Parents should ensure that kids are eating a balanced diet and getting regular physical activity. Keeping windows and doors closed during times when the pollen count is high also helps in preventing allergies. Secondly, parents should also make sure that the kids are avoiding exposure to pollen. Finally, parents should consult with the doctor if the child is exhibiting any of the symptoms of pollen allergies.


Pollen allergies in children is a health concern in recent years, leading to a large number of health problems. Consulting a doctor at the beginning of the allergy helps reduce the consequences and prevents the onset of more health problems. Allergies are difficult to be diagnosed, but proper consultation with a doctor and practising a healthy lifestyle will help in prevention.

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About the Author

Dr Ravi Kyadiggeri, MBBS, MD, FIN(Neonatology), Senior Consultant Paediatrician and Neonatologist, Apollo Cradle and Children’s Hospital, Jayanagar, Bengaluru.  ...Read More

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