Children can be affected by a wide variety of diseases and problems related to liver. Let us discuss liver disease in children, its symptoms, warning signs and prevention tips.
Liver is essential for continued growth and healthy nourishment. A balanced diet is essential for the growth and development of all children. Liver aids in digestion of food and filters out dangerous or toxic substances from the blood. It synthesizes or makes proteins that are used to construct the body’s tissues, stores and uses energy, and promotes blood clotting. When the liver is damaged, it can either stop functioning completely or only partially.
There are primarily two types of liver failure in children:
This kind of thing strikes suddenly. Liver disease can develop in kids who have never had it.
Here are the common causes of acute liver failure in children:
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This typically happens when a serious liver condition significantly worsens, either gradually or unexpectedly.
Here are common causes of chronic liver failure in children:
Read the symptoms of liver disease in children:
1. The skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow due to jaundice, which is caused by extremely high blood levels of bilirubin (a bile pigment). Because bilirubin is eliminated through the kidneys, urine is often black. Inflammation, aberrant liver cells, and bile duct obstruction are all potential causes of high bilirubin levels. A substantial loss of red blood cells can occasionally cause jaundice. Babies may experience this. The initial and perhaps the sole symptom of liver illness is jaundice.
2. Although a modestly enlarged liver is typically asymptomatic, liver enlargement is typically a sign of liver disease (hepatomegaly). Stomach discomfort or feeling full, abdominal pain, or bloating are signs of a severely enlarged liver.
3. Hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by nerve system harm and a decline in brain function. This is brought on by harmful chemicals, which the liver ordinarily eliminates, accumulating in the blood. Encephalopathy symptoms include altered consciousness, altered logical thinking, personality and behaviour changes, mood swings, impaired judgement, drowsiness, confusion, slurred speech, unsteady gait, loss of consciousness, coma, and uncontrollable movement.
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4. Absence of appetite
5. Bowel symptoms (vomiting, gray or clay-colored stools, constipation)
7. Distension of the abdomen (fluid or liver swelling)
8. Esophageal varices are dilated blood vessels within the walls of the lower part of the esophagus that are prone to bleeding. Anyone with serious liver illness may develop them. A diseased liver can cause portal hypertension. This is high blood pressure in the portal vein. Symptoms of esophageal varices may include:
When it comes to nutrition for children, place special emphasis on fruits and vegetables. Every meal and snack should contain a fruit or vegetable. This food category has fiber, vitamins, and minerals that help in maintaining bowel habits.
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