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Sexually transmitted diseases increasing in young people: Here’s how to prevent STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases are increasing in younger people. Here are some of the common types of STDs and ways to protect yourself from these diseases.
uti symptoms
STDs cases are on rise. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock
Dr Vaishali Sharma Published: 22 Mar 2023, 16:32 pm IST
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In recent years, there has been a concerning increase in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among younger generation, especially the female population. STDs, also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are serious health issues that can have long-lasting and damaging effects on an individual’s health. With the increasing trend of casual sex and unprotected intercourse, the rate of STDs is rapidly increasing among young people. Here are the most common types of STDs, their symptoms, and ways to protect yourself from getting infected.

Statistics show that the rate of STDs among young people aged 15-24 has been on the rise for the past decade. Some of the most common STDs in this age group include chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis. These diseases can cause a range of symptoms and complications, including infertility, pelvic pain, and an increased risk of HIV transmission.

What is causing a rise in STDs in young people?

One of the main reasons for the rise in STDs among the younger generation is a lack of education and access to resources. Many young people are not receiving adequate information about sexual health and safe sex practices, which can lead to risky behaviour and the spread of STDs. Additionally, stigma and shame surrounding STDs can prevent individuals from seeking treatment and getting tested.

Types of STDs

There are several types of STDs that can infect a person, but the most common ones include chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), and HIV/AIDS. These STDs are caused by different types of bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can be transmitted through sexual contact.

STDs in young people
A few STDs do not even have any cure! Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

Most Commonly found STDs

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that is commonly seen in the younger generation. It is a contagious disease that can be transmitted through sexual contact, as well as through close skin-to-skin contact. The symptoms of molluscum contagiosum include small, painless, wart-like growths on the skin.
Herpes

Herpes is a common STD that is caused by the herpes simplex virus. It can be transmitted through sexual contact and can cause genital sores, itching, and burning. Herpes is a lifelong disease, and there is no cure for it. However, antiviral medications can help manage the symptoms and reduce the frequency of outbreaks.

Common Symptoms

The symptoms of STDs vary depending on the type of disease, but some common symptoms include:

  • painful urination
  • ‘itching
  • discharge
  • genital sores
  • rashes

In some cases, STDs may not show any symptoms at all, which makes it important to get tested regularly.

Also read: Can kissing be a cause of STDs? Find out here

Ways to Protect

The best way to protect yourself from getting infected with STDs is to practice safe sex. This includes using a condom every time you have sex, limiting the number of sexual partners, and getting tested regularly. Additionally, you can also avoid having unprotected sex with someone who has any symptoms of STDs.
Young people can protect themselves from STDs by using condoms during sexual activity, getting tested regularly, and seeking prompt treatment if they experience symptoms or suspect they may have been exposed to an STD. They can also talk openly and honestly with their partners about STDs and their sexual health history.

STDs in young people
Maintain hygiene down there always! Image courtesy: Shutterstock

To reduce the spread of STDs and protect the health of the younger generation, it is crucial to address the root causes of this problem. This can include increasing access to sexual health resources and education, reducing stigma around STDs, and encouraging regular testing and treatment.

Last word

In conclusion, the rise in STDs among the younger generation is a serious public health issue that requires attention and action. By increasing access to resources, reducing stigma, and encouraging safe sex practices, we can help protect the health and well-being of young people and prevent the spread of STDs.

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About the Author

Dr Vaishali Sharma, MD (AIIMS), COAG (Harvard), RCOG Associate (London) is a National award-winning Laparoscopic Surgeon and IVF Specialist. She has won many National Awards at National Fertility Conclave by Economic Times. She has also received the National Women Pride Award 2021 for being The Most Trusted Gynaecologist Laparoscopic Surgeon and Infertility Specialist of the Year 2021. She has also received the “Distinguished Doctor Award” from the Indian Medical Association (IMA). Recently she has been conferred a Certificate of Achievement from the prestigious HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL, Harvard (USA). ...Read More

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