This is what happens to your body a week before you get periods

Published on: 15 March 2022, 22:32 pm IST

A bad PMS is a sign of significant hormonal imbalance in your body. Here’s what leads to these problematic signs before periods.

Shifa Khan
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symptoms of PMS
Here are some symptoms of PMS that are a moodkill. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
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As Aunt Flo brings her baggage each month, she brings the notorious symptoms of PMS too. For the uninitiated, PMS is premenstrual syndrome, an overwhelming state that brings the craziest out of a woman when she’s about to get her periods. All this because of some hormonal and chemical locha inside our body. Sometimes, these symptoms of PMS weigh so heavily on us that they may interfere with our regular functioning. But what really goes inside us is what we’re curious about!

To know more about the hormonal fluctuations and mood swings that come right before our periods, HealthShots spoke to Dr Tanveer Aujla, Senior Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Noida.

“A person may detect when their period is due in a number of ways. Premenstrual syndrome is a collection of physical and emotional symptoms that many women experience when their hormone levels drop (PMS). PMS affects a big percentage of women before and during the start of their menstrual cycle,” says Aujla

What are the symptoms of PMS?

Dr Aujla says, “PMS can cause stomach bloating, cramps, painful or swollen breasts, back discomfort, pimples or acne, sleeping more or less than usual, headaches, and a variety of other physical symptoms. Irritability, anxiety, weariness, food cravings, difficulties focusing, feelings of melancholy or apathy, sobbing episodes, or furious outbursts are all examples of emotional symptoms.

breast pain during PMS
Have you been experiencing breast pain during PMS? It may be due to hormonal fluctuations. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

What causes these symptoms of PMS before periods:

PMS symptoms normally appear 5 days before a period. The drop in estrogen and progesterone hormones triggers the symptoms of PMS. These hormones going haywire may cause excessive cramps, bad mood swings, high blood flow etc. Prostaglandins, hormone-like substances in our body cause uterine muscles to contract resulting in pain and inflammation in the abdominal region.

“However, these signs disappear after the body’s estrogen and progesterone levels begin to rise. Although, you have to wait for 4 days after your periods to feel like yourself again”, adds Dr Aujla.

One should see a doctor if PMS interferes with their everyday lives, and if the symptoms arise outside of their period, or if period symptoms alter without indication. Spotting, discomfort or cramps, bloating, swollen or sore breasts, acne, and mood changes are some of the signs that someone is likely to have a period.

period pain
Don’t let PMSing make you go crazy. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

While these awful symptoms are often considered as an indication that your menstruation is approaching, one needs to try to alleviate them.

Here’s what to do if you’re suffering from symptoms of PMS:

  1. Yoga poses like Supt baddhakonasna, pigeon pose and shoulder twist provide relief in PMS symptoms.
  2. Noshing on Omega-3 rich foods also suppresses symptoms of PMS like swelling and muscle cramps.
  3. Eat complex carbs like sweet potatoes, chickpeas, bananas and apples to feel better.
  4. Limit the consumption of tea and coffee as they are known to increase your cortisol levels. Opt for herbal teas like jasmine, chamomile and lavender.
  5. Exercise, even if you don’t feel like it. Workout boosts your mood like no other.
  6. If you sleep for 7 hours a day, try to exceed your sleeping time to 9 hours when you are on your periods. Better sleep helps ease the symptoms of PMS.

Next time, when your hormones go through a roller-coaster ride, consider it a crucial time for self-love. Try to slow down and connect with the bodily changes, indulge in a hobby, or watch your favorite movie to feel your best!

Shifa Khan Shifa Khan

An aesthete and a skincare junkie, Shifa spends most of her time cooking delish food while wearing a sheet mask. At HealthShots, she creates high-octane content that can leave you all a little intrigued!

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