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Do your menstrual cramps get worse in winter? Here’s why it happens

The winter season can cause your period pain to get more severe! Now that can really wreak havoc on your mood and cycle. A gynaecologist explains the reason behind it.
Heating pad
These factors are responsible for period pain. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock
Aayushi Gupta Updated: 30 Oct 2023, 13:45 pm IST
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Do you feel your menstrual cramps get out of control, especially during the winter season? If yes, we totally understand! This happens with many women, and unfortunately, the cramps can really cause you to curl up and remain tucked in bed.

Although many women pop a pill to get relief from the pain caused by menstrual cramps, it isn’t healthy at all. And before we get down to the solutions, let’s first understand why the winter season triggers period pain.

winter period pain
Don’t give into the allure of painkillers until your gynaecologist advises. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Why are menstrual cramps worse during the winter season?

Do you remember your mom telling you to deal with your period pain, every time it got worse during the cold? Well, she’s right! Your period can be far more intense and uncomfortable during the winter months, due to the impact of seasonal changes on the body. And not just you, many women complain about this issue. 

To understand how cold weather impacts our menstrual cycle, HealthShots got in touch with Dr Manisha Singh, Senior Consultant – Gynaecologist and Reproductive Medicine, Fortis hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bengaluru

Here’s how cold weather exacerbates your menstrual cramps

Being less active and hibernating during the winter season is one of the leading causes. There are many other reasons, which Dr Singh shares. 

1. Lack of vitamin D

Period pain is more common during the winter  season, because people prefer to stay indoors for lengthy periods. This limits their exposure to sunlight and affects vitamin D levels. And lack of sunshine may affect the thyroid gland, which may lead to hormonal imbalance, leading to intense menstrual cramps. 

2. Your arteries contract

When the weather is cold outside, your arteries contract, restricting blood flow and forcing your heart to work much harder to circulate blood around the body. As a result, vasoconstriction occurs and this reduces the volume of space inside the afflicted blood vessels. Blood flow is reduced, when blood vessel volume is diminished. 

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3. Reduced blood flow

At the same time, blood flow resistance or force is increased, and blood pressure rises as a result of this. Seasonal affective disorder also occurs, which leads to mood swings and depression.

4. PMS symptoms

Winter means that we move less and eat more. This can make premenstrual symptoms worse and lead to irregular menstrual cycles

period pain
You can beat painful cramps. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Combat menstrual cramps during the winter season, with these tips recommended by Dr Singh:

  • Take paracetamol
  • Gentle massage oil on the tummy
  • Sip on chamomile tea
  • Drink ginger turmeric tea
  • Indulge in aromatherapy (a drop of lavender oil in 2 teaspoons of carrier oil)
  • Try hot milk with turmeric
  • Use a hot water bag
  • Practice yoga
  • Use a heating pad or hot water bottle
  • Take a warm shower

Most importantly, drink enough water every day to keep yourself hydrated!

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About the Author

Aayushi Gupta is a health writer with a special interest in trends related to diet, fitness, beauty and intimate health. With around 2 years of experience in the wellness industry, she is connected to leading experts and doctors to provide our readers with factually correct information. ...Read More

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