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Here’s your guide to some common urological problems and how to seek treatment

Published on:16 May 2021, 11:00am IST
Urological problems are very common amongst women as well as men. The good news is that they are treatable and can be prevented with some easy lifestyle changes.
Dr Santosh Palkar
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urological problems
Watch out for these common urological problems. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Urological problems such as urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, and even urine stones require immediate medical help. Do not panic if you encounter any urological problems; speak to your doctor to address these issues. Don’t worry! These problems are treatable and can also be prevented with some simple lifestyle changes. 

Your urinary system works hard to flush out the urine waste from the body. Did you know it involves a number of parts such as the kidneys, bladder, and urethra? Like other systems in the body, even one’s urinary system can encounter problems. You may suffer from urinary problems regardless of your age and even gender. These problems can be seen in both men and women and tend to impact the urinary tract. You will also be surprised to know that urologic problems can also take a toll on the reproductive organs.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) can be termed as one of the most common urine problems which one suffers from. This infection tends to occur in the urinary tract and takes place owing to the microbes such as fungi, bacteria, and viruses and involves the kidneys, urethra, or bladder. This condition can be very painful, and the consequences can get critical if the infection spreads to your kidneys. 

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Another problem is urinary incontinence which is the involuntary leakage of urine. Diabetes, pregnancy, and a weak bladder can lead to this issue. Even stress incontinence leads to leakage of the urine and can be seen in men and women. Even the issue of the overactive bladder (OAB) which is a sudden, uncontrolled need or urge to urinate can occur too. Moreover, females may have shorter urethra that can lead to urological problems. Similarly, issues such as pelvic floor dysfunction, pelvic organ prolapse, prostate cancer, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) which is prostate gland enlargement can also be worrisome for males.

Symptoms of urological problems

The common signs of urological problems are fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, smelly urine, frequent urge to urinate, tiredness, pelvic pain, burning sensation while urination, and even muscle aches that may indicate urinary problems.

The treatment

Most urinary problems can be managed with antibiotics. But, if you fail to take medication and the symptoms do not improve, you will have to consult a urologist and he/she may advise surgery. Don’t delay once you spot the symptoms as doing so can worsen your health.

urological problems
You could be suffering from stress urinary incontinence. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
 Here are a few measures to tackle urological problems
  • Hydrate yourself by drinking water and try to urinate frequently
  • Maintain good personal hygiene. Wipe yourself after urinating. Keep your genital area clean
  • Avoid drinking fluids that can lead to bladder irritation. Say NO to alcohol and caffeine
  • Avoid using products containing chemicals or irritants down there
  • Use products that are clinically tested and do not cause any harm
  • Don’t forget to immediately urinate after sex
  • Wear loose cotton clothes and moisture-wicking underwear
To sum it up

Some urological problems last for a longer period while some may last for a short time. Do not ignore the signs given by your body. If there is pain or discomfort then you must bring it to the notice of the urologist. A thorough diagnosis will be required to detect the underlying condition and seek the necessary treatment. Educate yourself about the conditions you suffer from. Discuss your doubts with the doctor. So ladies, stay healthy and be vigilant throughout life. 

Dr Santosh Palkar Dr Santosh Palkar

Dr Santosh Palkar, Consultant Urologist, Zen Multispeciality Hospital, Chembur