5 tips to protect your skin from sunburns in summer

Overexposure to UVB rays from the sun can result in sunburns. Are you wondering how to avoid sunburns? Keep these 5 tips in mind.
Woman with a sunburn
You can quickly treat a sunburn with these remedies! Image courtesy: Adobe Stock
Dr Monica Chahar Published: 28 Apr 2023, 13:15 pm IST
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The scorching heat of the sun can not just leave your skin dehydrated, but also result in sunburns. Sunburn is a common skin problem that occurs when the skin is exposed to excessive ultra-violet radiation from the sun. It can be painful and can cause redness and peeling of the skin. In severe cases, it may even lead to skin cancer. While sun exposure is important for a healthy body and mind, you must know how to avoid sunburns. The best way to prevent sun damage is to stay out of the sun, however, that’s neither enough nor wise. You need to take other precautions!

Tips to prevent sunburns

Here are 5 ultimate tips to prevent sunburns and keep your skin healthy and glowing.

1. Wear sunscreen

One of the most important ways to avoid sunburn is to wear sunscreen. Opt for a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 30, and apply it generously to all exposed areas of the skin. Do not forget to reapply the same after every two hours, or more frequently if you are sweating or swimming.

how to avoid sunburn
Use the right sunscreen to prevent sunburns. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

2. Avoid sun exposure

It’s also important to avoid the sun during peak hours, typically between 10 AM to 4 PM. If you must be outside during these hours, try to seek shade under an umbrella, tree, or another shelter.

3. Wear proper clothes

Wearing protective clothing can also help prevent sunburn. This includes long-sleeved shirts, pants, and hats with wide brims to shade the face, neck, and ears. Go for clothing pieces which UPF (ultraviolet protection factor) rating, which indicates how much UV radiation can penetrate the fabric.

Also read: Are you sunburnt? Watch out for these signs and symptoms to know

4. Stay hydrated

Another important factor in avoiding sunburn is hydration. When the body is dehydrated, the skin can become more susceptible to sun damage. Drink plenty of water throughout the day, particularly when spending time outdoors.

5. Wear a hat

If going outside is necessary, make sure you wear a hat that can shield your face and scalp from possible damage. Additionally, put on sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun. Apart from these protective things, bring an umbrella with you as well. This will provide more protection from the sun’s rays.

how to avoid sunburn
Avoid sun exposure and wear a hat. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

In addition to these preventative measures, it is important to keep an eye on your skin and be aware of any changes. If you notice any new or changing moles, spots, or other areas of concern, consult with a dermatologist as soon as possible.

Also read: Slather sunscreen, but also nosh on these 7 foods to avoid tanning this summer

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Tips to treat sunburns

For those who have already experienced sunburn, there are several steps you can take to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing such as:

  • Apply a cool compress to the affected area. This can help reduce redness and inflammation.
  • Aloe vera gel can also be soothing and may help speed up the healing process.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or aspirin can help relieve the pain associated with sunburn.
  • It is also important to avoid further sun exposure until the skin has fully healed.

In severe cases of sunburn, a dermatologist may prescribe topical or oral medications to help alleviate symptoms and promote healing. They may also recommend regular skin checks to monitor for any signs of skin cancer.

how to avoid sunburn
Keep a check on your skin! Image courtesy: Shutterstock


Avoiding a sunburn is essential for maintaining healthy, radiant skin. By wearing sunscreen, seeking shade, wearing protective clothing, staying hydrated, and being aware of any changes to the skin, you can significantly reduce your risk of sunburn and other sun-related skin damage. If you do experience sunburn, taking steps to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing can help prevent further damage and ensure a faster recovery. Don’t hesitate to consult a dermatologist if you have any concerns about your skin or sun exposure.

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About the Author

Dr Monica Chahar, Chief Dermatologist and Director, Skin Decor, Delhi ...Read More

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