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Kidney stones are a common ailment that can cause severe pain and discomfort. They are formed when certain substances in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, become too concentrated and form crystals. These crystals can then bind together to form a stone. Kidney stones can range in size from small grains of sand to larger stones, the size of golf balls. They can cause severe pain in the back, side, lower abdomen or groin, as well as nausea and vomiting. Kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, diet, and dehydration.
One of the best ways to prevent kidney stones is to maintain a healthy diet. However, for those who have already developed kidney stones, a specific diet plan is needed to help prevent future stones from forming. The most important principle for people with kidney stones is to eat everything in moderation. This means that they should aim to have a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from all food groups.
Furthermore, It’s important to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and other fluids. Aim for at least 2-3 litres of water per day, more if you are active or live in a hot climate. It’s also important to consume adequate amounts of calcium through dietary sources such as dairy products, leafy green vegetables, and fortified foods, as a low calcium intake can lead to increased levels of oxalate in the urine. Avoiding excessive intake of salt and animal. This can be achieved by following a diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein, and low in processed foods, added sugars, and saturated fats.
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One food group that should be consumed in moderation by people with kidney stones, is green leafy vegetables that are rich in oxalates. These vegetables, such as spinach and onion, should not be consumed in large quantities as they can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. To balance out the oxalate from these vegetables, it is recommended to consume dairy products alongside them. The calcium from dairy products can bind with the oxalates from the vegetables, reducing the risk of stone formation.
Other dietary restrictions for people with kidney stones include limiting non-vegetarian foods, sweets, and caffeine consumption. Non-vegetarian foods, such as red meat, can increase the levels of uric acid in the urine, which can contribute to kidney stone formation. Sweets and caffeine can also increase the levels of calcium in the urine, which can lead to the formation of calcium-based kidney stones.
Alcohol consumption should also be limited for people with kidney stones. Alcohol can dehydrate the body, which can lead to the formation of kidney stones. When the urine becomes too concentrated, it can create an environment that is conducive to the formation of stones.
Also Read: Beer is good to get rid of kidney stones: True or not?
In summary, people with kidney stones should eat a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from all food groups. Other dietary restrictions include limiting non-vegetarian foods, sweets, caffeine, and alcohol consumption. By following these recommendations, people with kidney stones can reduce their risk of developing new stones and improve their overall health.
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