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This study found a silent cause of high blood pressure: aldosterone hormone

Updated on:27 May 2020, 11:30am IST
While hypertension is the most common conditions that plagues us, study found that excess production of aldosterone hormone by the adrenal gland may cause it.
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Beware! The aldosterone hormone might be causing your BP to shoot up. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

We are all familiar with that much-courted adrenaline rush. But did you know the adrenal glands that produce it also have an effect on your blood pressure? In fact, a study found that excess aldosterone, a hormone produced by your adrenal glands, is a common and unrecognized reason for high blood pressure.

The aldosterone hormone is responsible for sodium conservation in the kidney, salivary glands, sweat glands and colon. Its excess production causes high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease–and this condition is called aldosteronism.

How did the research start?
A cross-sectional study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine suggested that the hormone aldosterone is a common and unrecognised cause of hypertension.

high blood pressure
High BP? Hormone aldosterone might be the one to be blamed! Image courtesy: Shutterstock

 To understand the impact of aldosterone hormone on our blood pressure, researchers from four academic medical centres (including Brigham and Women’s Hospital, University of Alabama, University of Virginia, and the University of Utah in the US) studied various patients. 

This included patients with normotension (blood pressure that is within the normal range), stage 1 hypertension, stage 2 hypertension, and resistant hypertension to examine the existence of excess aldosterone production and primary condition of aldosteronism.

What were the findings post-research?
The researchers state: “Primary aldosteronism has traditionally been considered to be an uncommon cause of hypertension, however, the findings of this study show that it is much more common than previously recognised.”

high blood pressure
Excess aldosterone production is a sneaky cause that must be immediately recognised. Image courtesy: Shutterstock.

Excess aldosterone production would not have been recognised by currently-recommended diagnostic approaches. This research helped them redefine the label around primary aldosteronism from a rare disease to a common syndrome since this common syndrome actually impacts the severity of blood pressure

Although generic medications that block the deleterious effects of aldosterone already exist and are easily available, these findings suggest that using these drugs more frequently shall be effective. This shall help to treat hypertension and lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

(With inputs from IANS)

1 Comment

  1. Salt and sugar are the most easily available poisons that expose the human body to diseases and humour disarray. To meet sugar threats, drink sugar-free or least sugared tea with herbal medicinal properties and propensities. As regards salt, which is another taste bud favourite, limitations in food at home and exigencies for eateries have to be made mandatory. To help the kidneys and other digestive systems enact and strengthen excreting power, there are some very yoga postures that can do that very safely. Also a weekly wash-up of digestive tract once a fortnight and use of blood-cleaning ingredients is needed every fortnight. I remember as a child in the late 1940s we were given castor oil and ‘botrice’ once a year along with clear greens soup. Sipping water in between meals is a very powerful way to thin out the ‘poisons’ created by excesses and low-performing organs. Only it will need to have some spices that somehow enhance its expulsion…

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