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Sexual dysfunction is more common in women who are menopausal, says study

Published on:7 January 2021, 10:38am IST
Menopause is inevitable. Unfortunately it comes with a ton of problems for women, sexual dysfunction being one of them.
ANI
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sexual dysfunction
Sexual dysfunction is a curse for women. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
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Sex is not just something that helps you reproduce, but it also helps in building a better emotional and personal bond with your partner. And without a doubt, it’s a natural mood booster too. But as you age the drop in your hormones lowers the frequency of sexual activities. As you achieve menopause, your sexual and reproductive life hits an all-time low. In fact, in many women sexual dysfunction is also seen at the time of menopause. 

An American study has identified the determinants that affect a woman’s risk of sexual dysfunction. This recent study is published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).

Thankfully, not all women face sexual dysfunction during menopause

The study finds that  sexual dysfunction often accompanies the menopause transition. Yet, not all women experience it the same way. 

Although hot flashes easily rank as the most common symptom of menopause, the transition is often accompanied by other issues, including changes that affect a woman’s libido, sexual satisfaction, and overall sexual behaviour.

Sexual dysfunction
Sexual dysfunction can lead to lack of intimacy between the partners. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Because hormone therapy is the most-effective treatment option to help women manage menopause symptoms, it was the focus of a new study designed to determine why some women experience greater sexual dysfunction than others.

The study involving more than 200 women aged 45 to 55 years found that women with secondary and higher education and a greater number of lifetime sexual partners were less likely to experience sexual dysfunction. In contrast, women with more anxious behaviours during sexual activity and those with more severe menopause symptoms were more at risk for sexual dysfunction.

Hormone therapy might or might not work for sexual dysfunction 

The study says that hormone therapy was not found to mitigate the risk for sexual dysfunction, nor did it play a major role in determining sexual behaviours.

However, women using hormone therapy typically had higher body-esteem during sexual activities; better sexual function in all domains, except for desire/interest; better quality of relationships; and fewer sexual complaints (other than arousal problems) than those women who do not.

Of importance to helping maintain a woman’s sexual function were positive sexual experiences, attitudes about sex, body image, and relationship intimacy.

Sexual dysfunction
Menopause symptoms also include Sexual dysfunction. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Results are published in the article “Sexual behaviours and function during the menopausal transition–does menopausal hormone therapy play a role?”

“These results are consistent with the findings of prior studies and emphasize that factors other than use of hormone therapy, such as higher importance of sex, positive attitudes toward sex, satisfaction with one’s partner, and fewer genitourinary symptoms associated with menopause appear to be protective and are linked to better sexual function across the menopause transition,” says Dr. Stephanie Faubion, NAMS medical director.