Not long ago, India set out a target of eradicating malaria by 2030, but the threat of the vector-borne disease still looms large. According to a 2020-22 report by The Global Fund, malaria is one of the major public health problems in India. It was reported that 2 per cent of global malaria cases are reported from India, with the same percentage of deaths reported every year. However, the country continues to make efficient efforts to combat the disease. Meanwhile, the global load of malaria cases is also extremely high with Africa being the worst-hit country.
On World Cities Day 2022, the World Health Organisation (WHO) stated that as more people will start living in cities by 2050, we need proper strategies to combat health problems like vector-borne diseases. The report read that living in cities can be advantageous, but unplanned urbanization can “have negative social and environmental health impacts.”
Regarding malaria, WHO said that the burden of malaria is currently high in rural areas but people living in mosquito-endemic countries will soon reside in urban areas. Hence, it is crucial that there is a proper response to address malaria. In light of the chances of increasing cases of malaria across the globe, WHO has issued new guidelines to combat the disease.
In the global framework for the response to malaria in urban areas by WHO, the following are some approaches and interventions that worked to prevent malaria:
For the unintiated, chemoprevention is the use of medication and other supplements to prevent cancer from happening. According to WHO, it can help in areas where P. falciparum transmission rates are moderate and high :
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