Monkeypox, dengue and more: Disease outbreaks rise in India

Disease outbreaks in India have raised an alarm among people and health authorities. Let's fight them with awareness and precaution.
disease outbreaks
Sanjiti Bansal Updated: 23 Oct 2023, 12:47 pm IST
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Covid-19 cases began to rise in India earlier this month once again. At the same time, diseases such as malaria, dengue and the much talked about monkeypox, apart from swine flu, have also witnessed an upswing, putting health authorities across the nation on alert.

Disease outbreaks are becoming rampant and with bare minimum travel restrictions in place now, transmission of diseases also seems to have become higher.

Let’s take a look at the disease outbreaks in India that need awareness, prevention and precaution:

1. Covid-19

Covid-19 or coronavirus has turned the world upside down. Even hree years since its global outbreak, it seems unstoppable. The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes the coronavirus disease, which can cause a mild to moderate or even extreme respiratory sickness. Fever, coughing, exhaustion, sore throat, headache, aches, diarrhoea, skin rash, and red or itchy eyes are typical coronavirus symptoms. Shortness of breath, loss of speech or movement, disorientation, and chest discomfort are among the illness’s worst symptoms.

disease outbreaks
Keep that mask on! Image courtesy; Shutterstock

2. Monkeypox

Over 16,000 cases of monkeypox have been reported in countries that never saw it coming. India too has reported four cases of monkeypox, naturally raising concerns. The illness is uncommon but might be quite dangerous. Its symptoms include fever, chills, cold, cough, headache, body ache, swelling of the lymph nodes, tiredness, chills, and rash that looks like pimples. Even the World Health Organization has declared monkeypox as a global health emergency.

3. Tomato fever

Kerala, where three monekypox cases have been reported, is also where the tomato fever or tomato flu, was first found in India. A group of chldren were affected by the condition, which then spread to other states. Also known as hand, foot and mouth disease, it causes dehydration, rashes and skin issues. Fever and fatigue are its other symptoms. The red rashes are the reason why it’s called tomato fever.

Also, read: As tomato fever scare spreads in India, here’s how to protect your children

4. Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese Encephalitis is an infection that humans can get via an infected mosquito. The brain infection is carried by the mosquito from pigs to humans. The illness frequently manifests as severe headaches, high fever, unconsciousness, tremors, convulsions and confusion. In India, Assam is experiencing a rise in the daily number of cases of Japanese Encephalitis. Every year during the monsoon, this condition causes mortality, and so far in 2022, it has taken 38 lives.

5. Dengue

Dengue is among the infamous mosquito-borne diseases, which typically witness during the rainy season. It is transmitted by the infected bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. There are two forms of dengue fever: dengue hemorrhagic and regular (DHF). Dengue fever is a deadly illness that resembles the flu, however DHF is a more severe variation of the illness that can be fatal.

disease outbreaks
A mosquito bite can mess up with your whole life. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

High temperature, headache, rash, aching muscles, and joint discomfort are some of the symptoms of the condition that are common. There has been an increase in the number of dengue cases reported each day in many Indian states. Pune, Telangana and Karnataka reported dengue cases.

6. Swine flu

H1N1 virus is the seasonal cause of the swine flu. In most cases, swine flu results in pneumonia, and in the most serious cases, it can be fatal. High fever, sore throat, dry cough, headaches, weakness and weariness, cold hands and feet, diarrhoea, and vomiting are some of the symptoms of the illness. Children begin to exhibit symptoms of swine flu after ten days, although adults often don’t until seven days have passed. There has been an increase in Swine Flu infections in several states, especially in Maharashtra.

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