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Eating a diet rich in Omega-3 can protect your children from breast cancer

Published on:6 July 2021, 09:30am IST
An international team of researchers found that a maternal diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids can protect from breast cancer development in offspring.
ANI
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Omega-3 has multiple health benefits. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
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An international team of researchers found that a maternal diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids can protect from breast cancer development in offspring.

The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology’.

Here’s what the study has to say

Researchers noted a significant difference in mice from mothers that were fed a diet rich in canola oil, compared with mothers fed a diet rich in corn oil. A maternal Omega 3-rich diet affected genome-wide epigenetic landscape changes in offspring and potentially modulated gene expression patterns.

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You can easily add omega-3 fatty acids to your diet with these foods! Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Dr Ata Abbas, a former postdoctoral research fellow in Marshall’s Department of Biological Sciences, headed a research team under the leadership of Dr Philippe Georgel in the College of Science. The research was done in the Cell Differentiation and Development Center at Marshall as part of a collaborative effort with the Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine’s Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, under the leadership of Dr W. Elaine Hardman.

Researchers noticed a three-week delay in mortality in mice whose mothers were fed canola oil versus corn oil. The early delay in mortality was significantly different, but the ultimate overall survival rate was not.

Eventually, all the mice developed tumours, but the ones fed canola oil had tumours that were slower-growing and smaller than the mice fed corn oil. Translated to the human time scale, the duration of the protective effect linked to the maternal diet would be equivalent to several months.

Omega-3 diet is a great way to stay fit if someone has breast cancer

This study is among a body of work done by Marshall University scientists and others looking at the link between Omega-3 fatty acids and reduced incidence of various types of cancer including, but not restricted to, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

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Both mum and baby can stay healthy with omega-3 diet. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

“The issue of parental diet and inter-generational transmission has become an important field of research; however, the mode of action often remains partially elusive,” said Georgel, a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Marshall.

“The MU research group focused on ‘epigenetic’ aspects of trans-generational transmission to explain the reported role of Omega-3 fatty acids. Epigenetics involves changes in gene expression which are not linked to changes in genetic sequences,” added Georgel.

“These results have the potential to promote the design of simple changes in diet which would allow for reduced onset of various types of cancer, not only for the individuals using that diet but also for their offspring,” concluded Georgel.