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Covid-19 patients have a dangerously higher risk of getting a stroke: Study

Published on:21 March 2021, 11:00am IST
A pathbreaking study suggests that covid-19 patients are much more likely to get a stroke, especially they have pre-existing conditions like diabetes and/or hyp
ANI
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Prevent stroke. Prevent Alzheimer's. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

New research found patients hospitalised with COVID-19 had a higher risk of stroke, compared with patients who had similar infectious conditions such as influenza and sepsis in prior studies.

Those who had an ischemic stroke were more likely to be older, male, Black race, or have high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes or an irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) compared with other COVID-19 patients, according to late-breaking science presented today at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2021.

The meeting held virtually, March 17-19, 2021 and is a world premiere meeting for researchers and clinicians dedicated to the science of stroke and brain health.

How did the researchers find the link between covid-19 and stroke?

For this analysis, researchers accessed the American Heart Association’s COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry to investigate stroke risk among patients hospitalized for COVID-19, their demographic characteristics, medical histories and in-hospital survival. The COVID-19 Registry data pulled for this study included more than 20,000 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 across the U.S. between January and November 2020.

stroke and suicidal tendencies
This link is scary. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

“These findings suggest that COVID-19 may increase the risk for stroke, though the exact mechanism for this is still unknown,” said lead study author Saate S. Shakil, M.D., a cardiology fellow at the University of Washington in Seattle. “As the pandemic continues, we are finding that coronavirus is not just a respiratory illness, but a vascular disease that can affect many organ systems.”

Two hundred eighty-one people (1.4 per cent) in the COVID-19 CVD Registry had a stroke confirmed by diagnostic imaging during hospitalization. Of these, 148 patients (52.7 per cent) experienced an ischemic stroke; 7 patients (2.5 per cent) had transient ischemic attack (TIA); and 127 patients (45.2 per cent) experienced a bleeding stroke or unspecified type of stroke.

The analysis of COVID-19 patients also found:- Those with any type of stroke were more likely to be male (64 per cent) and older (average age 65) than patients without stroke (average age 61).

Forty four per cent of patients who had an ischemic stroke also had Type 2 diabetes vs. about one-third of patients without stroke, and most of the ischemic stroke patients had high blood pressure (80 per cent) compared to patients without stroke (58 per cent);

Eighteen per cent of ischemic stroke patients had atrial fibrillation, while 9 per cent of those without stroke also had atrial fibrillation;

stroke and covid-19
Positivity, a healthy meal, and an active lifestyle can help you avoid a stroke. Image courtesy: Shutterstock.

Patients who had a stroke spent an average of 22 days in the hospital, compared to 10 days of hospitalization for patients without stroke; and

In-hospital deaths were more than twice as high among stroke patients (37 per cent) compared to patients without stroke (16 per cent).