World Physical Therapy Day 2023: Reduce knee pain with physiotherapy

Knee pain can affect anyone, regardless of their age or gender. But don't worry, physiotherapy can help to reduce knee pain. On World Physical Therapy Day, let's find out how physiotherapy can help.
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Reduce knee pain with physiotherapy. Image courtesy: Adobe stock
Natalia Ningthoujam Updated: 17 Oct 2023, 17:15 pm IST
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One of the weight-bearing joints in our body is the knee joint, so it is prone to more wear and tear. Young or old, knee pain affects people of all ages and can be debilitating. You don’t have to suffer for long as physiotherapy can help to reduce knee pain. You just need a few weeks for physiotherapy to work wonders. It can help to get rid of knee pain and improve the strength as well as flexibility of the knee joint. We tell you about physiotherapy and knee pain on the occasion of World Physical Therapy Day, which falls on September 8.

If we talk about the anatomy of the knee joint, it is made by the articulation of patella, tibia and femur, says Neha Gill, Senior Physiotherapist, Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, Chandigarh.

Your knee is basically the joint that helps to connect your thigh to your lower leg. It’s your knees that help support the weight of your body. They also let your legs bend and move around.

Knee pain
Physiotherapy can help to reduce knee pain. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock

Causes of knee pain

Knee pain can be due to many factors. Some of them include:

1. Arthritis

The most common cause of knee pain is arthritis, which has many types. One is osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative condition. There is also rheumatoid arthritis which usually occurs due to autoimmune conditions. Gout arthritis occurs due to increased uric acid, pseudo gout develops due to the increased calcium containing crystals in the joint fluid and finally. Another form of arthritis is septic arthritis which occurs due to an infection.

2. Iliotibial band syndrome

Another common cause for knee pain is iliotibial band syndrome, which is commonly seen in athletes, says the expert. It happens due to the overuse of knee joints. It leads to tightness of iliotibial band which causes pain in the outer knee area.

3. Ligament injury

The most common ligament injury is ACL tear and again common in athletes. It occurs due to the knee hyper extension and leads to an unstable joint.

4. Meniscal injury

Meniscus works as shock absorption in the joint and it can easily be torn during sudden twist and turn while bearing weight on the joint.

5. Patellofemoral dysfunction

Patellofemoral dysfunction, also known as chondromalacia patellae mostly affects women during pregnancy. The pain can be attributed to hormonal changes or increased body weight which puts extra pressure on the knee joint.

6. Postpartum period

The hormonal changes during pregnancy needs a little time to settle down in postpartum. Also the added weight can contribute to the pain in the knees. Many mothers prefer sitting cross legged to breastfeed their babies. This can lead to pain in the knees as breastfeeding in initial days takes longer period of time, says Gill.


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Woman with knee pain
There are exercises that can help to manage knee pain. Image courtesy: Shuttertsock

Physiotherapy for knee pain

Physiotherapy management for knee pain depends on the underlying cause of the pain. Here are some techniques that are often used to get some relief:

1. Manual techniques

There are different mobilisation techniques to reduce knee pain and restriction. Hands-on techniques like Maitland and Mulligan can be used, the expert tells Health Shots.

2. Dry needling and cupping therapy

Nowadays dry needling and cupping therapy are gaining popularity when it comes to reducing knee pain. Sometimes there are trigger points in the muscles which can lead to knee pain so, dry needling or cupping can be done on the quadriceps muscles or adjoining muscles.

3. Electrotherapeutic management

Therapeutic ultrasound or laser can be used to reduce knee pain for which you will need about 7 to 10 sittings. But the sittings may vary depending on the severity of the pain.

4. Exercises

Choosing the right exercise also depends on the severity of the pain. If it’s acute then conditioning exercises like isometric are used. In the later stages, stretching or strengthening exercises can be done. After an injury, strengthening exercises are very important in order to restore the strength. After an injury, strengthening exercises should be done for at least 3 months.

Lifestyle modification is also needed so that you can maintain a healthy weight and there is less pressure on your knee joint.

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About the Author

Natalia Ningthoujam has written on various subjects - from music to films and fashion to lifestyle - as a journalist in her career that started in 2010. After getting stories from the crime scene, police headquarters, and conducting interviews with celebrities, she is now writing on health and wellness which has become her focus area. ...Read More

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