The cases of ovarian cysts have ascended in recent years. The culprit behind it may be a metabolic disorder as well as a hormonal imbalance in your body. Other factors like genetic history, a sedentary lifestyle or poor eating habits can further aggravate the formation of cysts in your ovaries.
A vast majority of ovarian cysts are non-cancerous or benign but some can be cancerous, which can pose a big threat to your health. However, the appearance of certain symptoms can disclose the onset of ovarian cysts.
Dr Sowparnika, Consultant – Reproductive Medicine, Milann Fertility Hospital, Whitefield, Bengaluru, spoke to HealthShots about ovarian cysts and their effects on your health.
“Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries or on their surface. Females may suffer from it at any point in their lifetime. Just like how hormonal changes cause pimples on the face, in the similar way, these are small fluid sacs in the ovary, called functional ovarian cysts”, says Dr Sowparnika.
On the symptoms, she says, “Most ovarian cysts come with little or no pain and are usually harmless, they are incidentally detected when we do a scan for other reasons. They show symptoms only when they get complicated. but it is extremely important to notice the early signs and consult a gynaecologist promptly.”
Early signs of an ovarian cysts are:
Ovarian cysts are one of the causes of pelvic pain. The pain can be dull or sharp, or there might be an extended period of pain too. It might be due to bleeding into the cyst, or due to torsion or due to infection.
Many women experience a feeling of nausea or vomiting when there is torsion of ovarian cyst. It makes the person restless. This symptom is most common in a dermoid cyst.
An ovarian cyst can affect the bladder of the patient. It irritates the peritoneum, which increases the frequency of urination. In addition, it can also cause loose stools.
When ovarian cysts become infected, women may suffer from fever along with pelvic pains. It can be one of the symptoms of ovarian torsion.
Ovarian cysts can cause post menstrual or premenstrual spotting too. If the cyst is big in size, they are present as mass in your abdomen. Though very rarely, in case of a cancerous ovarian cyst, the patient will experience a loss of appetite and weight. Such conditions require immediate medical consultation with a gynaecologist.
Sometimes, if your health expert finds a probability of the cysts growing too big or they are turning carcinogenic, then they might recommend a cyst-removal surgery as well.
Ovarian cysts can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle involving healthy eating habits, regular workout regime, adequate sleep, and moderate water intake. So, make sure you keep yourself active and healthy to keep these Intimate health conditions at bay.
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