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Hyperpigmentation is a fairly common skin condition marked by discoloration of the skin, making it uneven. It occurs when the skin produces too much melanin, which is a type of protein responsible for giving your skin its natural colour. It affects almost all types of skin.
This uneven skin pigmentation can be because of several factors. These factors, in turn, cause pigmentation disorders in certain areas including the face, arms, and legs. Before you find out what can treat the condition, you should know the causes behind hyperpigmentation.
Extensive sun exposure can make your skin look darker, uneven, and often with patches. People with pigmentation should prevent and protect their skin from sun exposure, otherwise it can result in hyperpigmentation, which can be tricky to combat. Generally, sunspots are more likely to affect areas of skin that include your face, arms, and legs.
There are a number of factors that can raise inflammation in your skin. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – dark black or brown spots on the skin – can occur either due to acne spots or when skin becomes irritated from aggressive acne treatment or maybe because of skin injury.
Melasma, which is also called chloasma, is a skin condition characterized by brown and blue-gray patches or freckle-like spots. It is an acquired form of hyperpigmentation that is mostly seen on the face. The exact pathogenesis is unknown. However, it may be caused by the presence of biologically active melanocytes in the affected skin, hormonal changes, or exposure to UV rays. It occurs especially during pregnancy.
Certain medications such as antimalarial drugs and tricyclic antidepressants can result in hyperpigmentation because they increase the sensitivity of your skin, making your skin darker and patchy.
Sometimes pigmentation is also associated with ageing. Tan lines, wrinkles, and hypertension are some of the skin conditions that occur with ageing. Ageing may cause the appearance of pale brown to dark brown spots on the skin.
Acne-related hyperpigmentation occurs when dark patches develop after a blemish has healed. Acne-related hyperpigmentation is really a common condition which can make your skin look pale and flaky.
Ladies, you can also visit the doctor if these home remedies do not cure the condition. And if it gives you a sense of relief to know, hyperpigmentation is a harmless condition.