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Dermal fillers are aesthetic tools that help to manage skin aging. They are gel-like injectables that fill the soft tissue present beneath the skin and improve the appearance of sagging skin, wrinkles, and aging. They are ideal for filling facial lines or creases, enhancing facial contours, and pumping up lips. They provide a subtle look that can be adjusted to meet your cosmetic needs. However, one must also be aware of the side effects of fillers and injections.
To deep dive into the need, precautions and side effects of dermal fillers, Health Shots got in touch with Dr Parag Telang, a Board Certified Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon.
“Fillers are used for eliminating static lines, the lines which occur due to sun damage, and incidentally with age people start losing fat on the face, and fillers are also used to replace lost volume on the face, lips, under eye, wherever the fat has been lost. They maintain the elasticity of skin and firmness of the tissues.” says Dr Telang, also a specialist plastic surgeon with a DHA and HAAD license.
As we age, our body stops the production of elastin and collagen, and also existing body collagen begins to break. This results in loss of subcutaneous facial fat and stretching of the skin. The typical signs of aging such as sunken cheeks, thick lines, sagging skin, wrinkles and hollow eyes start appearing. Other factors that exacerbate the signs of aging are an unhealthy lifestyle, heredity, and exposure to the sun. To restore the facial volume, rejuvenate the skin and to remove facial lines dermal fillers are used. They are the least invasive, less expensive and safe.
Dr Telang says, “It helps to plump thin lips, augment shallow facial contour and diminish wrinkles, fine lines, smile lines and crow’s feet. It helps to dispose of thick lines around the brow, mouth, forehead, and eyes. Fillers work the best to improve the appearance of scars and depressions in skin resulting from injury or acne. It reconstructs facial deformities and inherent imperfections, decreases lower lid shadow and a minimally invasive procedure to improve facial contours.”
The side effects of fillers are almost negligible if it is the right candidate with the right fillers, the right technique, the choice of all three must be correct. If the filler is not a standard one because there are fillers available in the market which have a lot of contaminants, and if the placement is not correct, it can create problems. Fillers are made of natural products including Hyaluronic acid but sometimes the Hyaluronic acid has other additives for cross-linking. Fillers can migrate, it can migrate to cheeks, eye bags, and to other unwanted areas. If it is not placed properly, it can lead to an allergic reaction, bruising, infection, itching, redness, scarring. You need to go to a trained person to get this done in a completely sterile manner.
Fact – This is not true. Everybody’s facial anatomy is unique, but artificial-looking cosmetic procedures are often the result of inadequate training and inexperience. It’s essential to select a team of specialists who have extensive knowledge and skill regarding injectable dermal fillers. When done correctly, the results will be beautiful and natural-looking for many months to come.
Fact – Dermatologists will usually numb the skin with a local anesthetic first, and many fillers contain lidocaine which is a numbing medication, so there’s no pain after the initial injection.
Fact – It is not true that dermal fillers can cause bruising or swelling. While some patients may have some symptoms, they will generally subside in about 7 to 10 days. Dr Telang, who is also the director of Designer Bodyz Centre for advanced cosmetic surgery, Mumbai, suggests that any bruising or swelling that does occur are often considered as side effects of fillers. However, they can easily be reduced by applying cold compresses to the affected areas.
Fact – If somebody is unhappy with the look of their hyaluronic acid fillers, they can be reversed with hyaluronidase, enzymes that break up the acid.
Fact – Dermal fillers are temporary, but many patients see the results last from 6 – 12 months, depending on the filler used and the treatment area.